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WESTERN AUSTRALIAN PIPE ORGANS

New Norcia Holy Trinity Church

New Norcia Holy Trinity Church

New Norcia Holy Trinity Church

New Norcia Holy Trinity Church

New Norcia Holy Trinity Church

New Norcia Holy Trinity Church

Name of institution Abbey Churchof the Holy Trinity
Type of institution Church
Street Address Great Northern Highway
City New Norcia
State Western Australia
Postcode
Country Australia
Name of building Abbey Churchof the Holy Trinity
Name of room
Dates of the building 1855-1908
Architect’s and builder’s names
Special architectural features The first parts of this building date from 1855–60, constructed of bush stones, mud plaster and rough–hewn tree trunks.  It originally consisted of a simple cruciform plan of nave, transepts and sanctuary, of classical proportions.  The retro choir was added in 1870 behind the high altar and choir screen.  Abbot Fulgentius Torres designed the stucco facade with its lofty pediment, and the bell tower with its clock and turret, which were added in 1907–08.
Special fittings
Other location information
Name of contact
Mailing Address
Telephone
Email
Other contact information
.
Date of previous organs None
Detail of previous organs
Dates when key work has been undertaken
Dates of any moves that have taken place
Variations from original design of organ
Information on previous organs
Information about comparable instruments to previous organs
.


Present organ
Type of installation Free-standing platform
Case description The oak casework, of elaborate neo–classical design, incorporates five flats of non–speaking pipes and fine carvings especially on the front of the reversed console and on the pediment, at the top of the case.
Placement in room Front wall
Builder's name Albert Moser, Munich, Germany, to design of organist, Dom Moreno.
Opus number
Date of completion/installation Built in Munich in 1922, dismantled and shipped to Fremantle.  
Erected in New Norcia between April and August 1923.
Dedicated and opened 2nd September 1923.
Construction materials
Number of manuals Two (2)
Key compasses
Number of keys 58
Key material
Pedal compass
Number of pedals 30
Pedalboard type
Pedalboard material
Type of chests
Type of key action Kegellade (similar to cone valve)
Type of stop action Electro-pneumatic and direct electric/solid state
Couplers Manual–Koppel II–I , Suboktav––Koppel II–I, Superoktav–Koppel II–I, Pedal–Koppel I.M., Pedal–Koppel II.M, Superoktav Koppel II.z.Ped.
Tremulants Manual I and II
Accessories    Crescendo            an  (balanced crescendo pedal and hand lever)
Ped. Reg. II. Man. ab
Feste Pedalumsch. ab
Handreg. z. Schweller
Transpositeur             (hand lever, up or down two semitones)
Console type Detached stopkey console (pedal stopkeys duplicated for independent use with Man.I and II)
Stop label material
Placement Reversed and in front of the organ case
General design
Playing aids Freie Comb. an.
A.L. (cancel)
P.P.,  P.,  M.F.,  F.,  F.F.

Free combination operated by miniature drawknobs
Balanced swell pedals (manual I, manual II) with indicators.
Divisions    Manual I, Manual II, Pedal
Wind pressures
Stop list
MANUAL I
Bourdon 16'
Wood A
Principal 8' Wood bass
Soloflöte 8' Wood
Unda Maris TC 8' Wood
Dulciana 8' Wood bass
Oktav 4'
Mixtur   III 2'
Solo Trompete 8'
Tremolo I Man
 
MANUAL II
Rohrflöte 16'
Viola di Gamba 8'
Aeoline 8'
Vox Coelestis 8'
Konzertflöte 8' Wood
Gedeckt 8' Wood B
Fernflöte 4'
Gemshorn 4'
Nassard 2-2/3'
Piccolo 2' Harmonic
Terzflöte 1-3/5'
Septime 1-1/7'
None 8/9'
Harm. aetheria V
(selects 2-2/3, 2, 1-3/5, 1-1/7, 8/9)
2-2/3'
Cimbal III 1-1/3'
Eng. Horn 16'
Clarinett 8'
Vox Humana 8'
Clarine 4'
Tremolo II Man
PEDAL
Echobass 16'
A
Subbass 16' Wood
Contrabass 16' Wood
Dolcebass 8' Wood bass
Gedecktbass 8' B
Violon 8' Wood bass
Bombard 16' Wood bass with metal trebles

VENTILS
Engl. Horn 16' ab
Clarinett 8' ab
Vox Humana 8' ab
Clarine 4' ab
Calkant
Rohrwerke ab
Solo–Trompete ab
Bombard 16' ab
I. Man. Hitch-down lever ab
Total number of speaking stops 34
Total number of ranks 35
Total number of pipes
Dates when key work has been undertaken on current organ A refurbishment of the organ by Bellsham Pipe Organs (WA) took place in 1978.  Many of the pipe mouths were found to be blocked by candle grease.  The concrete floor on which the organ was placed was sealed and the organ reinstated to its former level, supported on a new steel frame.  A new Discus blower, of high capacity, and new wind regulators were installed.  The sliderless chests were electrified simply by using electro–magnets to operate the primary pneumatic motors.  Many of the timbers in the chests and console case had split so badly, owing to climatic extremes, that they had to be restored by the insertion of new pieces of timber.  The complicated original console pneumatics operating the couplers and the accessories were also removed and replaced by a combination of solid state and direct electrical switching – they still exist in a room at the top of the Monastery buildings.
Further work was carried out in 1997 with the replacement of the wind regulators with a very large floating frame reservoir and new wind trunking, designed by Lynn Kirkham and approximating as closely as possible to the original design.  These were manufactured and installed by Pipe Organs Builders and Services.
Dates of any moves that have taken place to current organ The organ was designed in consultation with the Abbey Organist Dom Moreno and built in 1922 by Albert Moser of Munich.  It was displayed at the German trade exhibition in Munich in 1922 before it was dismantled, packed in 24 zinc–lined cases and shipped to Australia, arriving at Fremantle on 21 April 1923.  It was installed at New Norcia from April to August 1923 by Dom Stephen Moreno, assisted by his brother Dom Henry Moreno, Dom Boniface Gomez, Dom Vincent Quindos and an aboriginal boy Harry Weston.  The opening concert was given by Stephen Moreno on Sunday 2 September 1923. 
Information on current organ The organ is totally enclosed within massive swell boxes with shutters at the front and on top of the organ.  The instrument is of interest, particularly for the comprehensive series of solo mutations on Manual II, extremely advanced for the time, its generous tonal structure and wide dynamic range.
Comparable instruments to current organ
Current status In good condition and regular use
Assessment of organ
Other organs by this builder There is only one other organ by Albert Moser in Australia. found in the Mary McKillop Memorial Chapel (St Joseph's  Convent Chapel), North Sydney.
Photographs Photograph of church exterior by Bruce Duncan
Photographs of organ by Mark Quarmby and Jeremy Fletcher
Technical documents  Details of the church and organ from OHTA Conference Book 2004.  Additional information from Jeremy Fletcher
General documents
.
Supporting information
.
Document control Original entries J R Elms, OAM, Gazetteer of Western Australian Pipe Organs, 1971, 1999,2003 and 2004.
This entry D B Duncan 28 December 2008.
Link to St. Joseph's Convent Chapel added 05 June 2010.
Updated specification from Patrick Elms 04 January 2011.

 


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